A colourful parrot fish and tall stacks of paper

International treaties protect all species

Nature on the three islands is spectacular. But it is also vulnerable, and many of the islands plants and animals can be sold for big money on the market. International agreements have been made to protect these species and ecosystems.

By Baud Schoenmaeckers and Daniƫlle van Gils

The most important biodiversity agreements for the BES islands are all part of the Cartagena Convention, including the SPAW Protocol, CITES Convention, Ramsar treaty, Bonn Convention on Migratory Species, the Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles (IAC) and the Biodiversity Convention.
We describe three of these below.


The Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) Protocol is part of the Cartagena Convention, a treaty for the protection and development of the marine environment in the greater Caribbean region (...)

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